Microbiome, Microbiota, probiotic, prebiotic all these terms,
Our bodies are endemic by millions, even billions of bacteria, whether beneficial or harmful, are concentrated in different parts of the body.Starting from the skin, ending with the mouth and the beginnings of the digestive system.
where a non-soft part of it settles in the small and large intestine, and do not be surprised if I tell you that a “healthy human body” contains approximately “1014” cells of microorganisms that are sporadically present in the human intestine only.
” and this number represents approximately Ten times the cells of the human body”. This massive collection of microbes is called the “microbiome”
Each person and his microbiota have a symbiotic, mutual relationship, as they work together and depend on each other.
Microbiome and its big role in our body
Scientific research has shown that bacterial diversity in the gastrointestinal tract is very important to human health, which is affected by several factors, including age, geographical area, and the nature of food, even stress level in addition to taking different medications and treatments.
especially “antibiotics” that do not distinguish between beneficial and malignant bacteria, knowing that food is the most important of these factors.
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Microbiomeor microbiota has many functions
- microbiome generally include the properties of healthy bacteria (probiotics) that contribute to the production of some vitamins and amino acids and bile acids that in turn contribute to the digestion of fats such as lactobacillus, enterobacteria, Bacteroides and others.
- Other types of bacteria have a role in the production of some vitamins such as vitamin K, vitamin B, biotin, thymine and folic as well, which are produced by some types of Bifidobacterium bacterium, or the supply of basic nutrients by contributing to the simplification and digestion of carbohydrates, which is what is done by bacteria called Bacteroides
- The intestinal canal is a center of intersection and friction between the immune system and bacteria, both harmful and beneficial, as it contributes to stimulating lymph membranes and developing antibody production in the immune system. The microbiome or (intestine microbiota) has a special importance related to the health of its host as it works to complete the digestion of the fibers that have been difficult to digest as they pass through the intestinal canal and then extract energy from them in the form of short fatty acid chains which in turn are a source of energy for the cells lining the intestine.
How do we affect the microbiome in our bodies?
Studies that have subjected the microbiome in our bodies to laboratory tests have shown that food of various types has a direct impact on the microbiome, also maintaining a healthy lifestyle that is interested in sports and movementand avoiding the use of antibiotics “except in cases of extreme necessity and when absolutely certain that the body has a bacterial infection”, it has proven that these The factors have direct effects on the microbiome in particular, and then on the health of the body and the immune system’s toughness in facing diseases, from intestinal infections to colon cancer.
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How do we support the microbiome positively?
- Eat a diet rich in fibers and a variety that combines variety in food and various diets, whether oriental, western, vegetarian, or otherwise.
- Eat Prebiotic, which is the indigestible fiber that reaches the small intestine, is exposed to fermentation by bacteria and gives its health benefits. The main sources are wild dandelions, artichokes, raw leeks, raw garlic, cooked and raw onions, bananas, and wheat bran.
- Eat probiotics, which are healthy food-adding bacteria, the most important of which are lactobacillus, bifidobacterium, saccharomyces, and others.
- The main sources are “milk, raw cheese, apple juice, vinegar, and pickled cabbage”